Additive manufacturing technology can free the designer and manufacturer from the constraints related to formwork making for castable materials. However, the removal of formwork remains a challenging task for specific geometric features such as undercuts and hollow parts. The entire formwork must be reachable, by humans or machines, to be broken, but even then, there […]

Tectonics of Concrete Printed Architecture

The context of digital fabrication with concrete allows architects to reinvestigate material, process and design in order to explore novel expression in architecture. Concrete Extrusion 3D Printing (CE3DP), or layered extrusion is an additive manufacturing method where fresh concrete is deposited in layers to fabricate a digitally generated 3D model. As a no-formwork construction approach […]

Additive Manufacturing of Heterogeneous Color and Translucency in Glass

Material gradients are gradual transitions between two or more material properties. This work explores how new digital fabrication methods can be used to translate such a concept into physical materiality. Rather than adding discrete elements with clear boundaries between materials, architects could compose materials and locally inscribe characteristics. The work focuses on creating gradual transitions […]

Volumetric Modelling

This research investigates a range of different mathematical models in computational design for the creation and modification of three-dimensional geometry. With additive manufacturing, especially binder-jet 3D printing, we have the most radical fabrication process at hand, one that is beyond tectonics. The logic at work in many CAD packages is that of assembling linear or […]

Digital Composites

Carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) can have a significant impact on the built environment. In addition to the extraordinary weight-to-strength ratio, the main objectives of using CFRP in architecture are its plasticity, functionality, sustainability and aesthetics. While in theory, CFRP can take any shape, currently the design is limited by the fabrication constraints of mould making. […]

Digital Metal: 3D Printing+ Casting Metal

Digital Metal research focuses on using 3D Printing for Casting Metal. For the first time 3D printing sand is used for production of complex metal structural parts in architecture; While the advances in 3D printing metal are significant, this technology has its shortcomings for application in AEC industry. For example, small build volumes, long print […]

Free Formwork

Despite the recent developments in digital fabrication technologies, physical architectural forms are struggling to keep up with the limitless design freedom possible in digital environments. Beyond aesthetics, geometric complexity can have a significant impact on the built environment. Material efficiency, topology optimization, functional integration and a smart assembly logic can all benefit geometric features which […]